The expedition in numbers

Facts and figures about the largest Arctic research expedition in history:

The factsheet on MOSAiC sustainability is available as PDF here.

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390 days

The expedition‘s planned duration is about 390 days.

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5 icebreakers

During the expedition, RV Polarstern will be resupplied by 4 additional icebreakers from China, Russia, and Sweden.

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7 km per day

The ice will drift at an average speed of roughly 7 km per day.

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20 nations

The following 20 nations will take part in the expedition:

See 20 nations


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600 experts

Thoughout the year, a total of 600 experts will be on board, and be exchanged in phases.

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300 people

Around 300 people will work in the background to make the expedition possible.

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60-90 days

For 60-90 days, RV Polarstern will be as close as 200 km to the geographic North Pole - or even closer.

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2500 km

RV Polarstern will cover a total of some 2,500 km.


night
150 days

The Polar night, during which the sun never rises above the horizon, will continue for 150 days.

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6 people

At least 6 people will be assigned as "polar bear watch" to ensure the researcher's safety.

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1100 m

The landing strip for resupply flights, which will be carved out of the sea ice, must be at least 1100 m long.

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1000 km

The drift will take Polarstern more than 1000 km away from the next land.


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-45 ºC

In winter, temperatures down to -45 degree Celsius are expected.

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0

To date, there has never been a comparable expedition in the central Arctic.

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200000

The expedition's operating costs alone are roughly 200000 Euro per day (not including the costs for the instruments or researchers).

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50 km

The monitoring stations will be set up as far as 50 km from Polarsten.


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1 m

The sea ice must be at least 1.5 m thick, so that the necessary infrastructure can be set up on its surface.

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3500 m

Measurements will be taken at altitudes up to 35000 m and at depths down to 4000 m below the surface.